Investing in rental properties for the first time can be exciting and daunting. As a new landlord, it’s crucial to equip yourself with the right knowledge to navigate this new venture effectively. Here are essential tips to help you start on the right foot:

1. Know the Responsibilities of Being a Landlord

Before diving into the rental property business, understand the full scope of a landlord’s responsibilities. This includes maintaining the property, ensuring tenant safety, abiding by housing laws, handling lease agreements, managing finances, and addressing tenant concerns promptly.

2. Create a Bookkeeping Process

Treating your rental property as a business is fundamental. This involves tracking all your income and expenses. Efficient bookkeeping helps avoid tax season chaos and keeps your financial records organized.

Utilize accounting software to record deposits, rents, and expenses, including mortgage, property taxes, maintenance costs, and any materials used on the property​.

3. Document Everything

Never underestimate the importance of documentation. This includes having a comprehensive lease agreement that covers all your policies regarding rent, subletting, pets, and noise complaints. Additionally, all communications with tenants should be documented, such as maintenance notices or property showings, to avoid disputes.

person writing document

4. Know Your Tax Benefits and Obligations

Remember, your rental income is taxable, and expenses related to property maintenance are deductible. Knowing these tax implications before becoming a landlord is advisable to understand your tax benefits and obligations, including possible self-employment taxes and property tax exemptions​.

5. Familiarize Yourself with the Housing Laws in Your Area

Ensure you’re familiar with local housing laws and tenant rights. This might require obtaining a Certificate of Occupancy and understanding your responsibilities as a landlord. It’s also crucial to understand the provisions of your state’s landlord-tenant law, as well as the Fair Housing Act, to avoid any violations.

6. Set Business Hours

Define clear business hours for yourself and communicate these to your tenants. This helps maintain a healthy work-life balance and sets clear expectations for your tenants​. 

However, it’s worth noting that as a landlord, you will have responsibilities that sometimes need to be tended to even after your regular business hours—such as emergency repairs and maintenance. Be prepared to address such urgent issues on short notice.

7. Screen Your Tenants Thoroughly

Conducting thorough tenant screening, including credit, work history, criminal, and eviction checks, is crucial. This small investment can ensure you’re renting to financially responsible tenants. 


You should aim for renters who will pay their rent on time, take care of your investment property like it’s their own, and abide by the terms of the lease. Problematic tenants do the opposite and will cause more trouble than profits.

8. Don’t Expect Immediate Profits

Be realistic about your return on investment projections, especially if you’re still paying off a mortgage. Your rental income will likely cover mortgage payments and maintenance costs first, with profits accumulating slowly over time​

With this, make sure that you have sufficient cash on hand to work as a buffer for your expenses while you are still starting with your rental business.

9. Establish Clear Lease Violation Policies

Your lease should clearly outline the consequences of lease violations, such as late rent or policy breaches. Include detailed processes for resolving these issues, such as warnings, fines, or eviction procedures​. 

Make sure that tenants understand these consequences and leave no room for confusion before they sign the lease. This helps prevent any issues later on when it’s time to impose such policies.

10. Document Property Condition

Taking before and after photos of your property is crucial for documenting your property’s condition. This practice helps in identifying damages caused by tenants that go beyond normal wear and tear. Such documentation is invaluable in case of disputes over security deposits and can also be used for insurance claims.

man doing home inspection

11. Have a Reliable Handyman

Consistent maintenance is key to preserving your property’s value and ensuring tenant satisfaction. A trusted handyman can address issues promptly, preventing small problems from escalating into costly repairs. This proactive approach not only saves money in the long run but also keeps your tenants happy and potentially reduces vacancy rates.

12. Consider Flooring Options

Choosing the right flooring for your rental property can significantly impact its appeal and maintenance requirements. Hardwood floors, for instance, offer durability, ease of cleaning, and can enhance the aesthetic appeal of your property. 

Such an investment can increase property value, attract higher-quality tenants, and reduce the frequency and cost of replacements compared to carpeting.

13. Set Pet Policies

Deciding whether to allow pets in your Denver rental property requires careful consideration. If you choose to allow pets, clearly outline rules and potential deposits in the lease agreement.

Consider factors like the type of pets, size, and breed restrictions. Pet policies can influence tenant selection and property maintenance, as pets may cause additional wear and tear.

14. Prepare for Vacancies

Vacancies are an inevitable part of property rental. It’s essential to have a financial buffer to cover mortgage payments and maintenance costs during these periods. Planning for vacancies includes setting aside a portion of rental income for these times and actively marketing your property to minimize vacancy duration.

hardwood floors

15. Get Appropriate Insurance

Investing in the right insurance is vital for protecting your rental property. Rental property insurance typically covers structural damage, liability protection, and in some cases, lost rental income during repair periods.

It’s important to understand what your policy covers and consider additional coverage for natural disasters or other specific risks associated with your property’s location.

16. Hire a Professional Property Manager

While managing your property can be fulfilling, hiring a professional property manager can be highly beneficial. They bring expertise in tenant screening, legal compliance, maintenance coordination, and handling day-to-day operations. 

This can significantly reduce the stress and time commitment involved in managing a property, especially for first-time landlords. A property manager acts as a buffer between you and your tenants, ensuring professional relationships and efficient handling of any issues that arise. 

Bottom Line

Being a successful landlord is not just about owning property—it’s about effective and responsible management. These tips are designed to guide you through the initial stages of your journey as a landlord, helping you build a solid foundation for a rewarding and profitable venture in property rentals. 

To make things easier, talk to a reputable property manager in your area. Keyrenter Denver is here to help you get started on the right track.